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Geography, Flora & Fauna
Geography & Topography


The island of Cozumel lies 12 miles offshore the eastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico and is the largest island in the Mexican Caribbean as well as being the most populated island of Mexico.

With water the color of imperial jade and edged with white-sand beaches and craggy black castles of limestone and coral, Cozumel is the largest of 3 islands off the east coast of the state of Quintana Roo.

The island is approximately 29 miles (48 kilometers) long and 11 miles (17.5 kilometers) wide at its widest point, with the highest elevation point measuring a mountainous 45 feet above sea level.




Climate & Temperatures
Cozumel temperatures are warm year-round with daytime highs averaging 81 F (27°C). In the Caribbean, hurricane season officially begins June 15 and runs through November 15th each year. Do not let this deter your planning because INSIDERS know that these are some of the best months to enjoy the Cozumel. Yes, there is always the chance of a tropical storm or hurricane coming in but typically there is a warning period and time for preparation or departure from the island if needed.

The heaviest rains begin in June and last through October. It's possible for rain to fall almost every day during that time but the usual afternoon shower is brief and causes minimal interruption of travel or activities. Occasionally, however, the skies can open up and let loose torrents. During wet months, expect high humidity. November - May is generally balmy, with daytime highs averaging 80 F lower humidity and an occasional cool evening. Always remember, tropical climes can change from mellow to miserable and back again very quickly.

July/August - High 80's to low 90's°F (32°C)
December/January - Mid 70's°F (24°C)
Water temperatures range from 77°- 84°F (25°-29°C) throughout the year.

Fauna & Flora

The tropical forests of the Mexican State of Quintana Roo are home to many exotic trees, flowers, plants, and animals. Along with the many mangroves, bamboo, and swamp cypresses, ferns, vines, and flowers slither throughout the various trees to create a dense jungle. On the highest of limbs, orchids and air ferns can be seen stretching towards the sun.

The Southern part of the Yucatan Peninsula hosts classical tropical rainforests that are the home of tall mahoganies, campeche, zapote, and kapok, all of which are covered by jungle vines.




Los Arboles (The Trees)

Perhaps the most recognizable of trees in the area are the many types of Palm trees. These trees, vital to the survival of the people and region, come in many varieties- tall, short, fruited, and oil-producing. Some specific types of palms include Royal (tall with smooth trunks), Queen (used for landscaping and bearing sweet fruit), and Thatch (used extensively for roof thatch).
At one time, the Coconut palm served the Yucatan very well as it is used for producing oil, food, drink, and shelter. The tree matures in 6 to 7 years and then bears coconuts for the following 5 to 7 years. Unfortunately the "Yellow Disease" , a condition that has struck the coconut palm from Florida to Central America, has taken away the coconut palm as a source of income.

Henequen, which is a cousin to the Palm tree, is used to form twine, rope, matting, and other products. The Calabash tree provides gourds that Mayan Indians have used for years as containers.

A tall tree known as the Ceiba is known as the Mayan tree of life, and tied very close to the Mayan religion.

The beautiful Framboyanes (royal poinciana) have wide-spreading branches covered in clusters of brilliant orange-red flowers when they are in bloom during the summer months.

Las Frutas (The Fruit)
In addition to the trees, there are many delicious fruits that grow in the this region of Mexico. Sweet and sour oranges, limes, and grapefruits can be found, as well as the presence of the papaya, and avocado. The mamey tree, which grows to 15-20 meters in height, provides a brown avocado-shaped fruit with a sweet salmon-pink flesh in the middle (a flavor similar to the sweet yam). A lanky evergreen known as the Guaya produces small, green, leathery pods that grow in clumps like grapes. These pods have a sweet, yellowish, jellylike flesh.

Las Flores (The Flowers)

In remote areas of the state, the orchid can be found on the highest limbs of tall trees. There have been 71 species reported on the Yucatan of which 20% are terrestrial, and 80% are epiphytic, meaning that they are attached to host trees and deriving moisture and nutrients from the air and rain. Both types grow in so many different sizes, shapes, and colors- some subtle and some brilliant.

In the spring, flowering trees are the gathering place for hundreds of singing birds that come together for the mating season in the treetops. Here in a natural environment you'll see a full spectrum of flowers that display wild colors and appealing scents. White and Red Ginger are among the most exotic of herbs, in addition to Plumeria which has a wonderful scent and can be found in many colors. Hibiscus and bougainvillea bloom in the forests and are of the most colorful sort that you will find. In addition to these exotic flowers, the more common Morning Glory is prevalent as it endlessly creeps and climbs over trees and bushes.

Some Activities of Interest
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 Cozumel Butterfly Sanctuary Tour & PalMar SMALL Snorkel Beach Club
Visit Cozumel's only Butterfly Sanctuary! See multitudes of colors, learn about butterfly habits and the miracle of metamorphosis. Take photos and then stay to enjoy snorkeling and the other ammenities of the Beach Club. Great family fun & excellent value!
US $14 Adults / US $8 Kids Includes FREE Drinks!
 Cozumel's Complete, Private Island Jeep & Snorkel Tour
You'll see more in one day than others see in a lifetime!
Starting at US $75 Adults / US $70 Kids
 PalMar SMALL Snorkel Beach Club
Bring your group and spend the day at our PalMar small, private beach facility and enjoy a day of snorkeling at Cozumel's premier beach entry snorkel spot! No crowd here and gates close daily with a maximum of 50 people on site!
US $14 Adults / US $8 Kids Includes FREE Drinks!
 Cozumel Sea Turtle Observation & Baby Liberation with FP&M
Sign up for an observation and education session about Cozumel's nesting sea turtles and the volunteer brigades that help in their conservation. Learn about these amazing creatures in the Fundacion de Paques & Museos program and help release hatching baby turtles as they make their way to the sea.
From US $43 to US $73 Per Person DONATION
Personal Experiences
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Hi Sherri!! We are back home now and just wanted to say thank you for your kind hospitality!! It was my first time snorkeling and I have to say it was the most amazing experience ever!!!! The water there was perfect and the sea life plentiful !!! Thank you so much!!! And would also like to add your staff are amazing!!!!! E. Dennis - September 2015 ~ Galveston, TX USA

If you want the best beach entry snorkel experience, you have to come out to PalMar Beach Club for the day. We came out on Wednesday, 12/02/2015 and not only saw thousands of Brightly Colored fish (yet to be identified), 2 rays, an octopus, and a sturgeon. Don't miss the Beautiful Purple Sea Fan Forest just to the right of the beach entry. But the best find of the day was a Moray eel who was nice enough to smile for the camera :) The staff made us feel like family and the food was delicious. If I had known how GREAT a snorkeling spot this was I would have booked a spot for 2 straight days......Definitely Next Time!!! Nick & Tori - December 2015 ~ Frisco, TX USA

Sherri: wanted to let you know what a great time we had at your resort. It was exactly what I was hoping for!

The personal attention was wonderful, as both you and your staff were so friendly and helpful, and we were warmly welcomed as if we were "old" friends. The quaintness of the private home and the nice beach were great, and the fish we saw while snorkeling off your beach were better than the ones we saw during an expensive excursion booked thru the cruise ship in Belize!

I will definitely recommend your website to others, and I've already told many friends about the Palmar Beach Club. Thank you again for a wonderful time in Cozumel and I wish you all the best in your endeavors. Cathy, Peter and the boys ~ Rochester Hills, MI USA

Best Little Hideaway - We were there on April 15th of this year. What a wonderful little find in the business of the other beach resorts that are full of cruise ships folks. We had the place almost to ourselves. The grounds were wonderful, the pool clean and inviting, the snorkeling was GREAT and the wait staff were so accommodating and gracious. Got to meet the owner and told her how wonderful it was for her to open her home and make it an oasis for us to enjoy. We wanted a more peaceful place without all the people. Great drinks, and great snacks. Spent the whole day there and glad we did. Josie & David B. (April 2016) ~ Cottage Grove, MN USA

Hey Martin - Just to let you know, we had a good time on Cozumel and Israel was a great guide. He was energetic without being over the top, friendly without trying to be the best friend we have ever had, and guided us the whole time without any pushiness. He shared enough about life on the island for us to feel like he was really answering our questions and not parroting a standard spiel. I also liked he made an effort to keep us safe! He went out with us on the snorkel and kept an eye on everyone…especially our kids…and was careful about traffic, parking, and getting in and out of the van. Thanks for your help! G. Greenstreet - April 2016 ~ Chapel Hill, NC USA


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